Latvijas Banka is the central bank of the Republic of Latvia, a member of the ESCB and the Eurosystem.

In its activities, Latvijas Banka complies with the legal acts of the Republic of Latvia and EU, including ECB legal acts in accordance with the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union and the Statute of the European System of Central Banks and the European Central Bank.

Pursuant to the Law on Latvijas Banka, the primary goal of Latvijas Banka is to maintain price stability. Latvijas Banka has the following primary tasks:

  • participate in the formulation and implementation of the Eurosystem's monetary policy;
  • enhance stability of Latvia's financial system at macro level, including participation in setting the macroprudential policy;
  • manage the foreign reserves and other financial investments;
  • ensure cash currency circulation in Latvia and participate in ensuring the cash currency circulation in the euro area;
  • participate in promoting smooth functioning of payment systems;
  • compile and publish statistical information to ensure the performance of the tasks of Latvijas Banka;
  • cooperate with the ECB, the central banks of other EU Member States and other countries, as well as other financial institutions;
  • operate as the financial agent of Latvia's government and provide financial services to other market participants;
  • act as an advisor to the Saeima (Parliament) and Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Latvia on monetary policy issues and other issues related to the implementation of the tasks of Latvijas Banka;
  • maintain and develop the Credit Register;
  • issue licences to legal persons listed in the Register of Enterprises of the Republic of Latvia, except credit institutions, for the purchase and sale of foreign currency as a commercial activity;
  • implement the functions of the National Analysis Centre and the Coin National Analysis Centre, ensuring efficient analysis of currency counterfeits;
  • enhance financial literacy and economic knowledge.

To implement its vision and carry out its mission, Latvijas Banka, with due respect for its values, has set strategic directions for development and the indicators to be achieved therein, as well as plans and implements the measures for the achievement of these indicators.

Latvijas Banka neither seeks nor takes instructions from the government of Latvia and other EU Member States, EU institutions and other national, foreign or international institutions and their entities. Latvijas Banka is independent in setting and implementing policy under its legal mandate. Latvijas Banka is supervised by the Saeima of the Republic of Latvia.